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Prosilio 2: Conclusion and Sources

Prosilio 2 is a 14th century Mycenaean rock-built chamber tomb which reflects the basic architectural construction of the region — dromos, stomion, tomb, with plaster coating and a loose rock wall blocking the stomion – but on a larger scale. Its grave-goods are of a richer sort than those commonly found and have impacted, along with the Griffin Warrior tomb and similar discoveries, the notion that jewelry was primarily for female burials. Compared to the Griffin Warrior, Prosilio 2 – being built in a tumulus and being a chamber tomb – is much more architecturally impressive than the Griffin Warrior. However, the Griffin Warrior has much more lavish grave-goods. The subject of grave-goods within Mycenaean tombs is in need of further research; however, I propose that wealthier grave-goods might not be the sole result of the wealth of the interned. Instead, the wealth of the grave-goods found in chamber tombs and tholoi might be a result of a family reclaiming the deceased’s goods. This could potentially give a reason for the equivalency between the wealth of cist and pit graves and the wealth of the more monumental tholoi and chamber tombs.

On the whole, Prosilio 2 represents, more than likely, a member of the landed aristocracy. With a truly monumental chamber tomb, it can be reasonably purposed that this family had great economic and probably social power. It has impacted the study of Mycenaean tombs by rejecting the notion that jewelry was largely female oriented, and is a fairly well-preserved example of a Mycenaean chamber tomb in general. Additionally, like the Griffin Warrior, its characteristic as a single use tomb makes will help advance the study of Mycenaean burial culture.

Prosilio 2 (courtesy of archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com)


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