Prosilio 2: A Mycenaean Tomb

Prosilio 2, an undisturbed chamber tomb dating from the 14th century BCE, provides a unique example to help better understand both Mycenaean palace era burial practices and the larger societal and cultural connections of that world. The project is being led by the Ephorate of Antiquities of Boeotia and the British School at Athens under the direction Dr. Alexandra Charami and Dr. Yannis Galanakis. Though relatively recent in its discovery, it is already shedding some light on the life and culture of that era. Over the course of a number of articles, I will discuss Prosilio 2 in relation to the broader Mycenaean civilization. First is a review the basic structure and use of Mycenaean chamber tombs and their role as displays of wealth and social and economic status. Following that will be an in-depth description of Prosilio 2, and a discussion on how it compares to the average Mycenaean chamber tomb: location, structure, and grave goods will be examined. On the same lines, Prosilio 2 will then be compared with the Griffin Warrior tomb, a recently discovered cist grave from Pylos. Finally, its potential connections to the ancient city of Orchomenos will be analyzed.